BOLIVIA - Cordillera Real and Sajama National Park

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Great thanks to the awesome: www.bolivianmountainguides.com.  I was very happy and impressed with their service and professionalism. 

 Photo by Eduardo from the Bolivian Mountain Guides

Photo by Eduardo from the Bolivian Mountain Guides

 Huayna Potosi and an old cemetery of miners 

Huayna Potosi and an old cemetery of miners 

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 Looking towards Lake Titicaca from Peak Austria

Looking towards Lake Titicaca from Peak Austria

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 The top pf Pico Austria

The top pf Pico Austria

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 Condoriri 5,648m from Pico Austria 5,350 also known as the Matterhorn of Bolivia.

Condoriri 5,648m from Pico Austria 5,350 also known as the Matterhorn of Bolivia.

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 sunrise on the Pequeno Alpamayo 5,434m.

sunrise on the Pequeno Alpamayo 5,434m.

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 Pequeno Alpamayo - direct route

Pequeno Alpamayo - direct route

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 Summit of Pequeno Alpamayo.

Summit of Pequeno Alpamayo.

 Acohuma and Chachacomani from the summit of Pequeno Alpamayo. 

Acohuma and Chachacomani from the summit of Pequeno Alpamayo. 

 The large bulky mountain is Chachacomani 6,074m fromt he summit of Pequeno Alpamayo. 

The large bulky mountain is Chachacomani 6,074m fromt he summit of Pequeno Alpamayo. 

 Innominado 5,320m seen from the summit of Pequeno Alpamayo.

Innominado 5,320m seen from the summit of Pequeno Alpamayo.

 View of the Cordillera Real looking north from Pequeno Alpamayo.

View of the Cordillera Real looking north from Pequeno Alpamayo.

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 The summit ridge of Pequeno Alpamayo 5,434m.

The summit ridge of Pequeno Alpamayo 5,434m.

 Pequeno Alpamayo 5,434m

Pequeno Alpamayo 5,434m

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 Volcan Sajama 6,520m

Volcan Sajama 6,520m

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 Volcanoes Parinacota and Pomerade

Volcanoes Parinacota and Pomerade

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 Laguna Atla in Lauca National Park in Chile

Laguna Atla in Lauca National Park in Chile

 Volcan Sajama

Volcan Sajama

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 Sajama Village with Volcan Sajama in the background

Sajama Village with Volcan Sajama in the background

 Volcan Acotango from Sajama Village

Volcan Acotango from Sajama Village

 The base camp of Volcan Sajama at 4,800m

The base camp of Volcan Sajama at 4,800m

 The road to the trail head on Acotango.  The road was built and is maintained by the government owned sulfur mine.

The road to the trail head on Acotango.  The road was built and is maintained by the government owned sulfur mine.

 Volcan Sajama and sunrise on Acotango

Volcan Sajama and sunrise on Acotango

 Volcanoes Parinacota and Pomerade and Chungara Lake in Chile from Acotango 

Volcanoes Parinacota and Pomerade and Chungara Lake in Chile from Acotango 

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 Volcan Acotango

Volcan Acotango

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BOLIVIA - Tiwanaku and La Paz

The ancient ruins of Tiwanaku are  located in Bolivia, near Lake Titicaca, at an altitude of almost 13,000 feet (4,000 meters) above sea level, making it one of the highest urban centers ever constructed.  The city reached its peak between roughly A.D. 500 and A.D. 1000 and had at least 10,000 people living in it.  At this point only a small portion of the city has been excavated. 

Some remarkable artifacts have been discovered and examined at Tiahuanaco, not the least of which was a large monolithic Sun Gate which must have been an important part of the Kalasasaya, the chief temple of the ancient city. Its upper part is covered with an intricate sculpture that has been described as a calendar almost as long as the monolithic gateway. In fact, the Sun Gate has also been called the Calendar Gate. This calendar sculpture depicts a solar year, but not one that fits into the solar year as we know it.

 

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Canada - Alberta

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 Mt. Nestor 

Mt. Nestor 

 Mt. Joffre 

Mt. Joffre 

 Mt. Joffre

Mt. Joffre

 Mt. Joffre

Mt. Joffre

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 The basecamp for Mt. Joffre

The basecamp for Mt. Joffre

 Cirque Peak 

Cirque Peak 

 Wapta Icefield from Cirque Peak

Wapta Icefield from Cirque Peak

 Lake O'Hara from lower slopes of Mt. Huber

Lake O'Hara from lower slopes of Mt. Huber

 Mt. Huber

Mt. Huber

 View from Huber Victoria Col

View from Huber Victoria Col

 Basecamp for Mt. Huber and Mt. Victoria

Basecamp for Mt. Huber and Mt. Victoria

 Mt. Huber 

Mt. Huber 

 The summit of Mt. Victoria

The summit of Mt. Victoria

 Mt. Victoria summit ridge

Mt. Victoria summit ridge

 Lake Louise from the summit of Mt. Victoria 

Lake Louise from the summit of Mt. Victoria 

 Lake Oesa

Lake Oesa

 The summit of the Tower of Babel 

The summit of the Tower of Babel 

 Consolation Lakes

Consolation Lakes

 The Valley of 10 Peaks

The Valley of 10 Peaks

 Sentinel Pass

Sentinel Pass

 Kananaskis Country from the summit of Mt. Chester

Kananaskis Country from the summit of Mt. Chester

 Mt. Chester and Chester Lake area

Mt. Chester and Chester Lake area

 Lake Louise and Mt. Victoria 

Lake Louise and Mt. Victoria 

 Mt. Lefroy and the Death Trap glacier leading to the Abbot Hut

Mt. Lefroy and the Death Trap glacier leading to the Abbot Hut

 The summit of Mt. Joffre

The summit of Mt. Joffre

 Pink snow on the Wapta Icefield

Pink snow on the Wapta Icefield

 Wapita Icefield

Wapita Icefield

 The Iceline trail and the Yoho Valley from Mt. Rhonda

The Iceline trail and the Yoho Valley from Mt. Rhonda

 Wapita Icefield from Mt. Rhonda

Wapita Icefield from Mt. Rhonda

 Peyto Lake from Mt. Rhonda, small blue Peyto hut is visible below

Peyto Lake from Mt. Rhonda, small blue Peyto hut is visible below

 Mt. Rundle 

Mt. Rundle 

 En route to Mt. Woolley

En route to Mt. Woolley

 The Twins Tower from the Woolley Shoulder 

The Twins Tower from the Woolley Shoulder 

 Mt. Alberta 

Mt. Alberta 

 Mt. Alberta

Mt. Alberta

 Mt. Alberta

Mt. Alberta

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 Twins Tower and Mt. Columbia in the distance 

Twins Tower and Mt. Columbia in the distance 

 Mt. Little Alberta

Mt. Little Alberta

 Mt. Athabasca from Nigel Peak

Mt. Athabasca from Nigel Peak

 View to the north from Nigel Peak

View to the north from Nigel Peak

 Mt. Kitchener and Snowdme 

Mt. Kitchener and Snowdme 

 Mt. Andromeda and the Athabasca Glacier from Nigel Peak

Mt. Andromeda and the Athabasca Glacier from Nigel Peak

 The pass between Moraine Lake and Lake McArthur

The pass between Moraine Lake and Lake McArthur

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 At the Abbot Pass

At the Abbot Pass

 The Abbot Hut - Alpine Club of Canada 

The Abbot Hut - Alpine Club of Canada 

 Lake O'Hara from the slopes of Mt. Lefroy 

Lake O'Hara from the slopes of Mt. Lefroy 

 Mt. Lefroy 

Mt. Lefroy 

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 Mt. Lefroy - the view of Mt. Victoria

Mt. Lefroy - the view of Mt. Victoria

 Mt. Victoria from Mt. Lefroy 

Mt. Victoria from Mt. Lefroy 

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 The Goodsirs from Mt. Lefroy 

The Goodsirs from Mt. Lefroy 

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 Mt. Athabasca and Mt. Andromeda

Mt. Athabasca and Mt. Andromeda

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 Bow Lake from the Bow Summit

Bow Lake from the Bow Summit

 Bow Lake from the Observation PEak

Bow Lake from the Observation PEak

 Ha Lin Peak in winter

Ha Lin Peak in winter

 Moraine Lake

Moraine Lake

 Mt. Temple summit in early winter

Mt. Temple summit in early winter

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 Photo by Tyler Stalman

Photo by Tyler Stalman

 Photo by Tyler Stalman

Photo by Tyler Stalman

 Bow Lake

Bow Lake

 En route to the Abbot Hut

En route to the Abbot Hut

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The Grand Brazeau 

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 Bow Lake from Mt. Jimmy Simpson 

Bow Lake from Mt. Jimmy Simpson 

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 Grizly Peak in the Kananaskis Country

Grizly Peak in the Kananaskis Country

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 Peyto Lake 

Peyto Lake 

 Peyto Glacier

Peyto Glacier

 Mt. Lougheed 

Mt. Lougheed 

 Hector Lake from Mt. Little Hector 

Hector Lake from Mt. Little Hector 

 On the summit of Storm Mountain 

On the summit of Storm Mountain 

 Elizabeth Parker Hut at Lake O'Hara 

Elizabeth Parker Hut at Lake O'Hara 

 Photo by Tyler Stalman

Photo by Tyler Stalman

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 Mt. Edith Cavell 

Mt. Edith Cavell 

 Moraine Lake

Moraine Lake

 Mt. Edith Cavell  summit ridge.  The Tonquin Valley is visible on the right.

Mt. Edith Cavell  summit ridge.  The Tonquin Valley is visible on the right.

 Spirit Island on the Maligne Lake 

Spirit Island on the Maligne Lake 

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 The Iceline  trail in the Yoho National Park.  Takawa Falls is in the valley below.

The Iceline  trail in the Yoho National Park.  Takawa Falls is in the valley below.

 Mt. Woolley and Mt. Diadem 

Mt. Woolley and Mt. Diadem 

 The Ramparts of the Tonquin Valley 

The Ramparts of the Tonquin Valley 

 Mt. Alberta 

Mt. Alberta 

 On the Peyto Glacier 

On the Peyto Glacier 

 Mt. Aberdeen, Mt. Lefroy and Mt. Victoria from Mt. Fairview 

Mt. Aberdeen, Mt. Lefroy and Mt. Victoria from Mt. Fairview 

 Mt. Assinibone 

Mt. Assinibone 

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 The view from Mt. Temple, the Valley of 10 Peaks and the Paradise Valley 

The view from Mt. Temple, the Valley of 10 Peaks and the Paradise Valley 

 The summit ridge of Mt. Temple with Lake Moraine below

The summit ridge of Mt. Temple with Lake Moraine below

 The view of Mt. Nestor and The Spray Lake in the Kananaskis Country

The view of Mt. Nestor and The Spray Lake in the Kananaskis Country

 The view of Bow Lake from the Bow Summit 

The view of Bow Lake from the Bow Summit 

 Mt. Hector and Little Hector 

Mt. Hector and Little Hector 

 Mt. Rhonda from the Peyto Glacier 

Mt. Rhonda from the Peyto Glacier 

 The Peyto Lake

The Peyto Lake

 The Basecamp for Mt. Brazeau 

The Basecamp for Mt. Brazeau 

 The Grand Brazeau 

The Grand Brazeau 

 The view from the summit of Mt. Brazeau

The view from the summit of Mt. Brazeau

 Maligne Lake, Mt. Warren and Mt. Brazeau 

Maligne Lake, Mt. Warren and Mt. Brazeau 

 The summit ridge of Mt. Edith Cavell

The summit ridge of Mt. Edith Cavell

 Upper Paradise Valley seen from Mt. Temple 

Upper Paradise Valley seen from Mt. Temple 

 Moraine Lake from Mt. Temple

Moraine Lake from Mt. Temple

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 En route to Lake O'Hara

En route to Lake O'Hara

 Mt. Huber and Mt. Victoria

Mt. Huber and Mt. Victoria

 Mt. Lefroy and Lake O'Hara in winter 

Mt. Lefroy and Lake O'Hara in winter 

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 Ha Ling Peak and the Three Sisters from Mt. Rundle above Canmore 

Ha Ling Peak and the Three Sisters from Mt. Rundle above Canmore 

 Mt. Rundle 

Mt. Rundle 

 Mt. Lougheed 

Mt. Lougheed 

 Kananaskis Country

Kananaskis Country

 Spray Lake from Mt. Lougheed 

Spray Lake from Mt. Lougheed 

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 Waterton Lakes National Park 

Waterton Lakes National Park 

 Cameron Lake in the Waterton Park

Cameron Lake in the Waterton Park

 Waterton Park

Waterton Park

 Mt. Warren and Maligne Lake 

Mt. Warren and Maligne Lake 

 Maligne Lake 

Maligne Lake 

 Maligne Lake

Maligne Lake

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 Maligne Lake 

Maligne Lake 

 Observation Peak 

Observation Peak 

 The summit ridge of the Observation Peak looking north

The summit ridge of the Observation Peak looking north

 The view of Bow Peak and Mt. Temple in the distance from the Observation Peak 

The view of Bow Peak and Mt. Temple in the distance from the Observation Peak 

 Bow Lake 

Bow Lake 

 Bow Lake 

Bow Lake 

 The view from Mt. Jimmy Simpson 

The view from Mt. Jimmy Simpson 

 Wapta Icefield from Mt. Jimmy Simpson 

Wapta Icefield from Mt. Jimmy Simpson 

 The view of the Peyto Glacier from Mt. Jimmy Simpson 

The view of the Peyto Glacier from Mt. Jimmy Simpson 

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 Bow Lake

Bow Lake

 Bow Lake

Bow Lake

 Bow Lake 

Bow Lake 

 Mt. President in Yoho National Park

Mt. President in Yoho National Park

Togo and Benin

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 Benin

Benin

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Accra, Ghana

Accra, Ghana

 Lome, Togo

Lome, Togo

 Lome, Togo

Lome, Togo

 Lome, Togo

Lome, Togo

 Lome, Togo

Lome, Togo

 Togo

Togo

 Togo

Togo

 Togo

Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Local market in Sokode, Togo

Local market in Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Main square in Sokode, Togo

Main square in Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Togo

Togo

 Togo

Togo

 Ouidah, Benin

Ouidah, Benin

 Togo

Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 Sokode, Togo

Sokode, Togo

 The Royal Palaces of Dahomey, Togo

The Royal Palaces of Dahomey, Togo

 Ouidah, Benin

Ouidah, Benin

 Benin

Benin

 Ghana

Ghana

 Mother and son in Northern Benin

Mother and son in Northern Benin

 Ouidah, Benin, the road of no return

Ouidah, Benin, the road of no return

 Ouidah, Benin

Ouidah, Benin

 Benin

Benin

 Gamvie, Benin

Gamvie, Benin

 Gamvie, Benin

Gamvie, Benin

 Gamvie, Benin

Gamvie, Benin

 Benin

Benin

 Benin

Benin

 Benin

Benin

 The sand of the African Gold Coast

The sand of the African Gold Coast

 Kumasi, Ghana

Kumasi, Ghana

 Volta River, Ghana

Volta River, Ghana

Benin - Voodoo Festival

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 Zangbeto - the guardians of the night in the Voodoo religion. According to the Yoruba tribe tradition, there are no people under the haystack costume, only the spirits of the night.  Zangbeto are a source of wisdom and continuity. 

Zangbeto - the guardians of the night in the Voodoo religion. According to the Yoruba tribe tradition, there are no people under the haystack costume, only the spirits of the night.  Zangbeto are a source of wisdom and continuity. 

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 Voodoo priestess 

Voodoo priestess 

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 Drummers waiting for their turn in the voodoo ceremony

Drummers waiting for their turn in the voodoo ceremony

 The Voodoo Pope

The Voodoo Pope

 Voodoo priest

Voodoo priest

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Ghana - The Gold Coast and the Land of the Ashanti

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 Street furniture store in Accra, Ghana

Street furniture store in Accra, Ghana

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 Fancy coffins made to order in Ghana - this one is for a photo enthusiast

Fancy coffins made to order in Ghana - this one is for a photo enthusiast

 A coffin for a beer enthusiast

A coffin for a beer enthusiast

 One of many colourful street vendors in Accra, Ghana

One of many colourful street vendors in Accra, Ghana

 Accra, Ghana

Accra, Ghana

 Accra ocean front

Accra ocean front

 Accra, Ghana

Accra, Ghana

 Accra Street

Accra Street

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 Ghana, the land of smiles

Ghana, the land of smiles

 Accra, Ghana

Accra, Ghana

 Strong core in Accra, Gahana

Strong core in Accra, Gahana

 Street vendor in Accra

Street vendor in Accra

 Largest recycling dump in the world.  All sorts of appliances, computers, cars etc are taken apart and resold for scrap.  It is a toxic and tedious job.  

Largest recycling dump in the world.  All sorts of appliances, computers, cars etc are taken apart and resold for scrap.  It is a toxic and tedious job.  

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 Recycling 101

Recycling 101

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 The workers burn plastic cables to separate copper wiring for scrap.  Toxic and dangerous.

The workers burn plastic cables to separate copper wiring for scrap.  Toxic and dangerous.

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 Accra water front

Accra water front

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 Fishing boats in Accra

Fishing boats in Accra

 Mending the nets

Mending the nets

 Local girls getting water in the morning from the River Volta

Local girls getting water in the morning from the River Volta

 Volta River

Volta River

 Religious signs like this one are everywhere in Gahana

Religious signs like this one are everywhere in Gahana

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 The Land of the Ashanti in Kumasi, Ghana

The Land of the Ashanti in Kumasi, Ghana

 The King of Ashanti

The King of Ashanti

 At the audience with the Ashanti king

At the audience with the Ashanti king

 An Ashanti chief with a big umbrela

An Ashanti chief with a big umbrela

 An Ashanti elder 

An Ashanti elder 

 Ashanti chiefs, the bigger the umbrella, the more important the chief.

Ashanti chiefs, the bigger the umbrella, the more important the chief.

 Chiefs and the Kente cloth

Chiefs and the Kente cloth

 The King's musicians

The King's musicians

 ? (a walking salad bar) ?

? (a walking salad bar) ?

 Ashanti King's procession, the keys to the kingdom 

Ashanti King's procession, the keys to the kingdom 

 The King is coming - the horn blowers

The King is coming - the horn blowers

 King's advisors

King's advisors

 The King has the biggest umbrellas!

The King has the biggest umbrellas!

 King's guard

King's guard

 King's gold

King's gold

 Chewing gum for the chiefs 

Chewing gum for the chiefs 

 The largest market in Africa is in Kumasi

The largest market in Africa is in Kumasi

 Local barber shop 

Local barber shop 

 After hours, the streets of Kumasi turn into one huge open market.  Recycled clothing from Europe and the USA is everywhere.

After hours, the streets of Kumasi turn into one huge open market.  Recycled clothing from Europe and the USA is everywhere.

 Trying to make a living by selling used clothing in Kumasi

Trying to make a living by selling used clothing in Kumasi

 Kakum National Park Canopy walk

Kakum National Park Canopy walk

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 The Gold Coast of Ghana, the source of slaves for 400 years.  A beautiful coast but too dangerous for swimming due to strong currents and sharks.

The Gold Coast of Ghana, the source of slaves for 400 years.  A beautiful coast but too dangerous for swimming due to strong currents and sharks.

 Finishing is a big business in Elmina, Ghana

Finishing is a big business in Elmina, Ghana

 Drying fish in Elmina, Ghana; the Elmina slave castle is in the background

Drying fish in Elmina, Ghana; the Elmina slave castle is in the background

 The Elmina slave castle built by the Portuguese in 1481

The Elmina slave castle built by the Portuguese in 1481

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 The slave castle of Elmina.  It was used as a set in the movie "Cobra Verde" by Werner Herzog.

The slave castle of Elmina.  It was used as a set in the movie "Cobra Verde" by Werner Herzog.

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 Koffi, our leader

Koffi, our leader

 The cell of death where rebellious slaves were starved to death in the Elmina slave castle

The cell of death where rebellious slaves were starved to death in the Elmina slave castle

 Slave holding cells from where they were led to waiting ships in the Elmina slave castle

Slave holding cells from where they were led to waiting ships in the Elmina slave castle

 Salve holding cells in the Elmina slave castle

Salve holding cells in the Elmina slave castle

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 Salve branding iron, Cape Coast slavery museum

Salve branding iron, Cape Coast slavery museum

 Elmina

Elmina

 Elmina

Elmina

 Elmina

Elmina

 The slave castle of Cape Coast built and operated by the British

The slave castle of Cape Coast built and operated by the British

 Cape Coast

Cape Coast

 Cape Coast

Cape Coast

 The slave castle of Cape Coast

The slave castle of Cape Coast

 Cape Coast

Cape Coast

 Cape Coast

Cape Coast

 Kids doing acrobatic tricks 

Kids doing acrobatic tricks 

 Elmina fishing port

Elmina fishing port

 Elmina fishing port

Elmina fishing port

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 The fishing port on the market day in a busy place

The fishing port on the market day in a busy place

 A balancing act

A balancing act

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 Business women

Business women

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 St. James Castle in Elmina

St. James Castle in Elmina

 St. James Castle in Elmina

St. James Castle in Elmina

 The view of Elmina Fort from the St. James Castle in Elmina

The view of Elmina Fort from the St. James Castle in Elmina

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 Ghana - the land of smiles

Ghana - the land of smiles

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 The beautiful coast of Ghana

The beautiful coast of Ghana

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Annapurna Sanctuary Trip Summary

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October 31, 2017 Marfa Tatopani 1,190m – Shita 1,935m

We hired a jeep in Marfa to take Walid, Diana, Kumar and me to Tatopani and to take David and Gilles to Pokhara.  We left Marfa early in the morning and arrived in Tatopani around 12.30 pm.  We drove through the Kali Gandaki gorge, which is the deepest gorge in the world.  We had fantastic views of the Dhaulagiri east face and the spectacular icefall that I saw from the Mesocanto Pass in 2011.  We also had dramatic views of the gorge with steep drop-offs to the raging river below. 

We reached the dusty and dumpy Tatopani where we had a good lunch and some decent pastry.  After lunch, Diana, Walid and I hugged and said tearful goodbye to David and Gilles, then started our Annapurna Sanctuary trek.   I was not in the mood for more walking as my body was in the “relaxation mode” already.  Without doing any prior research, I was anticipating an easy stroll to the Sanctuary, 3 days max on a flat trail, as it was one of the most popular treks in Nepal.  No problem! I could do it in my sleep without trying.  Just a side hop to the Sanctuary and back.  Right…

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My naïve assumptions were shattered fast.  After lunch we started walking up to Shita.  It was hot, shirt-drenching humid, overcast and muggy. We walked passed the really dumpy Tatopani hot spring (Tatopani in Nepalese means hot water).   We walked up some shortcuts between the twists and turns in the road for 700 vertical meters.  I was drenched in sweat.  The walk was rather boring but some of the late afternoon views were nice.  We could see higher peaks obscured by the afternoon clouds.  We arrived in Shita in late afternoon to a busy teahouse.  The teahouse was packed and the place had a completely different feel from the Dhaulagiri circuit that I just finished.  It was a busy, commercialized and very touristy part of Nepal.  Kind of Shitty, Shita style.

November 1, 2017 Shita – Ghorepani 2,900m

We walked up for another 900m on a stone staircase all the way to Ghorepani.  Step after step, stairs all the way.  There was not much to see, although we did walk through some nice villages with friendly locals.  Overall the place was very clean and well-marked.  The beautiful Dhaulagiri massif dominated the skyline.  Had this been my first trek in Nepal, I would probably be very impressed. Given my recent experience though, it was just a place to walk through.  A good example of hedonic adaptation.    

The walk to Ghorepani was very fast for me as I was well acclimatized.   I covered the distance in 2.5 hours and had to wait for Walid and Diana for almost an hour.   In Ghorepani we passed the time by sitting around in the crowded teahouse with a couple from Spain and watching Walid entertaining the patrons. Ghorepani is a collection of modern large teahouses or hotels targeting mass tourism.   The village is only a one-day walk from the road to Pokhara and thus it is very popular.  

In the teahouse, I made a mistake of eating a fresh salad and got quite sick.  Since I did not feel well, I did not have the energy to walk up to Poon Hill for the fabled sunrise view.  It turned out that it was a good thing, as Poon Hill was crawling with people like an anthill.   There were hundreds of people in a small space competing for a photo of the same view.    So far this trek had too many people but it was to be expected.

November 2, 2017 Ghorepani – Torapani 2,710m

I got up this morning to walk to Poon Hill but I could not do it.  I turned around and walked back to the hotel against the mass of humanity making their way up the hill.  The stomach affliction drained the energy out of me completely.  After Diana returned from the Poon Hill, we set off to Torapani, 5 hours away.  

I was wondering how on earth I would be able to do it as I was operating at 15% capacity.  First, the crowds heading out of Ghorepani were overwhelming:  shoulder to shoulder in a long lineup of hikers so tightly packed that it was impossible to pass any of them.

It was horrible walking up the hill feeling sick and weak.   I had to stop often as I was completely drained of energy.  The views were nice and pastoral but compared to what we saw in Dhaulagiri, it was nothing special.  I was hoping that the Annapurna basecamp was worth the trouble of getting to.  I wanted to do this trek for a long time to cross it off my list.  I started to realize that it was not really a wilderness experience but an experience in crowd walking with crowded teahouses, souvenir stalls and so-so views. 

We arrived in Torapani in late afternoon.  In Torapani we stayed at the Annapurna Guest House, a dumpy place but with a bed and that was all I needed. I slept well all night and I regained most of my energy. 

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November 3 2017 Torapani – Sinuwa 2,375m

The walk started with a beautiful sunrise over the hills of eastern Nepal.  It was very special to see the sun emerge from behind the hills on the horizon.  We had a 1,000m descent right off the bat.  Then we crossed a small river and climbed a large hill for lunch at Chumrung.  At Chumrung, the trail joined the main Annapurna Sanctuary trail. 

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Immediately from Chumrung, the views improved.  The Annapurna Gorge that we would walk through was directly in front of us.   The valley is flanked by steep walls and dotted with villages.  What was not good, was a steep descent to the bottom of the valley (1,900 steps) and a massive immediate climb to the village called Sinua just across from us.  In the heat of midday I had to get my umbrella out again to avoid melting away in the sun. 

The walk up to Sinua was up the never-ending stone staircase.  This trek has turned out to be quite a challenge (so much for an easy stroll I was expecting):  from the start point we ascended 1,000m to 3,300m, then down to 1,950m, then up to 2,370m, etc.  Up and down all the time. 

Now we are in Sinuwa looking at a beautiful sunset over the Annapurna 3, Machapuchare and Hinchuli.  The Modi River valley will take us all the way to the Annapurna Sanctuary.  We sleep in another basic, borderline grubby place.

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November 4, 2017 Sinuwa – Durali 3,200m – Annapurna BC 4,130m

The walk from Sinuwa to Durali was fast and uneventful.  Nice views of the gorge.  In Durali we sat around in a very crowded guesthouse for 7 hours until bedtime.  I got a head cold from someone. I guess that after three weeks of continuous walking my body is just depleted.  I shared the room with Walid and Diana as there was a shortage of beds.  We got up at 6am to go to the basecamp at 7 am.  The walking was again easy and fast to 4,130 m (1,000 ascent).  I did it in 2.2 hours, mainly thanks to the acclimatization from Dhaulagiri.  As I walked higher up the valley, the view opened up and the scenery became absolutely awesome.  The gorge hides a great cirque of high peaks that form a perfect circle with Annapurna 1 (8,030m high) standing grand at the end of a glacier. 

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Past the Machapuchare base camp (Piss Tail Peak as Kumar called it), the trail turned sharply left and followed a moraine of the Annapurna Glacier all the way to the Annapurna BC (or ABC).  The entire Annapurna Sanctuary is quite incredible.  So close to Pokhara and yet so breathtaking.  Standing at the basecamp, the Annapurna 1 dominates the view.  Immediately next to the cluster of guesthouses at the basecamp, Annapurna South rises steeply to an altitude of over 7,000m.  Next to Annapurna 1 is a mountain called the Fang.  A massive glacier flows from Annapurna 1 and is flanked by two icefalls.  To the right of Annapurna 1 is Mount Rock Noir, Mount Gangapurna and Annapurna 3.  Next to it is the pointy Machapuchare, which looks totally different from the base camp.  The entire cirque is magnificent, grand and majestic.  It is really a special spot that requires a few days of boring walking to get to but once here, Wow! What a view!

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Numerous memorials of many climbers that died on the slopes of Annapurna 1 dot the moraine close to the base camp.  There are many Korean names but the most famous victims of this mountain are Anatoly Boukreev and Alex MacIntyre.  All in all, a special place that is worth the time and effort to get to. 

In summary, we walked 70 km so far and ascended from 1,000m to 3,300m, then walked down to 1,950m and back up to 4,300m.  So much for an easy 3 day hike.

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As we were sitting in the dining room of the Annapurna Guest House, I negotiated a 20-minute helicopter ride around the Sanctuary first thing the following morning.  I was very excited but anxious as I witnessed a helicopter crash in 2010 on Ama Dablam.  This altitude is at the very end of helicopter’s ability to fly. I always wanted to do a helicopter flight over the Himalaya and this was a perfect opportunity in such a spectacular place.  The helicopter was already here and we did not need to waste time to fly over the lowlands before the high Himalayas.  Helicopters come here regularly bringing wealthy Chinese tourists for a short time at the base camp.  We negotiated this in front of all the porters and all the people in the dining room.  I just dropped a healthy sum for a 20-minute flight without blinking an eye.  I felt horrible to be doing this in the company of all the onlookers as this amount of money is a fortune to the locals.  I did not want to come across as some white jerk throwing money around.  But I did not have a say in where and how the deal was discussed.

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November 6, 2017 Annapurna BC Pokhara

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We went to bed at 8pm and I could not sleep until midnight and then I got only mediocre two hours of sleep. The cold and the chest infection were really bothering me.  In addition I was sharing the room with Walid and Diana again.   I was coughing and sniffling all night and I am sure that it bothered them, too.  I felt really horrible to be such a bad companion.  Since I had all the time during the sleepless night, I was busy imagining all the possible problems with the flight just a few hours away.  I hate flying at the best of times.  This was, however, an opportunity not to be missed.

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Finally the morning came and everyone was up before sunrise to watch the spectacle on Annapurna 1 south wall.  The sunrise on Annapurna is a famous thing to do on this trek and many people come here specifically for this reason.  Last night we had a spectacular sunset on Annapurna as well and then on Machapuchare.  The entire range was glowing gold and then red. 

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I was full of anticipation about the flight and I was very excited.  I do not remember the last time that I was that excited about something (maybe in Antarctica in 2010).  The helicopter flew in at 7 am with the Chinese.  I could see it approach the landing pad of the BC from far away by its front light.  The noise and the entire operation of the helicopter is very exciting for me as well.  I just love watching them take off and fly away and hear the engine rev up before the lift-off.  I find these machines graceful and a marvel of human ingenuity capable to get to impossible places. 

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I took the front seat, put on the headset, adjusted the seat belt and before I realized, we were off – so smooth and effortless. The minute we lifted up my anticipation about the flight evaporated and I became enveloped in the grandeur of the scenery unfolding before us.  At first we flew down the Annapurna glacier and gained some altitude.  The plan was to circle the Sanctuary.  The Sanctuary is huge.  It does not seem like it but the distances here are so deceiving.  We did a 180-degree turn and flew by the sharp ridges of Himchuli and over the icefields separating Himchuli from Annapurna 4, gaining altitude as we progressed.  The icefield between Himchuli and Annapurna South looked broken and dangerous from the helicopter.  We could see down into the deep crevasses of the massive glacier.  We turned north and flew towards the Fang and the huge wall of Annapurna 1 that was now illuminated by the morning light.   We were gaining altitude as the pilot announced that we would reach 6,000m, an upper limit of the flying ability of the helicopter.  The day was perfect though, no wind, blue sky and still air.  The flight was smooth and I could concentrate on the scenery that was rolling on before me all too fast.  The views were absolutely SPECTACULAR!  It was absolutely stunning and my excitement level was off the charts.  The massive wall of Annapurna 1 was directly ahead, then Rock Noir, Gangapurna and Annapurna 3.  I saw all these peaks from the other side at the Tilicho Lake in 2011.  The mountains looked so close yet I knew that they were far away and 1 to 2 km higher.  The illusion was that we were above or at least at the same level as them though. 

The pilot then approached the razor sharp ridge linking Machapuchare with Annapurna 3 and flew just hundred meters above it.  It was exhilarating.    The drop offs were massive and the scale of the terrain was overwhelming.  To the left of the helicopter was the 7,000m high Machapuchare north wall invisible from the Annapurna BC or Pokhara.  It was plastered with snow and ice, extremely steep and foreboding.  The view just got 100% better from already SPECTACULAR view before.  I was in heaven. 

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We flew around Machapuchare and did a 90-degree turn towards the BC.  We flew right over the trail that we walked on just two days before.  It was by far the most spectacular thing I have ever done in the Himalayas.   I wanted to do such a flight for a very long time but I never had an opportunity to do so.  Such flights are usually much more expensive:  $5,000 US or more as the helicopter has to fly to the high peaks (usually from Kathmandu) that takes an hour of flying one way.  This adds the cost of two hours of flying time over the lower hills to the mountain flight.   In the Annapurna Sanctuary, the helicopter was already in the middle of the high mountains, the best mountain scenery, the weather was perfect and the light was fantastic for photos.  I also had two willing companions to share the cost with.  It all came together in perfect harmony.

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During the flight, the Nepalese pilot offered to take us to Pokhara for a small fee saving us two or three days of waling back on the same trail we came on.  Thankfully Walid agreed.  We had a few minutes to throw our bags together and get them back to the helicopter.  The Helicopter was waiting for us with its rotor running and all the people gathered to look on.  I gathered my stuff, said my goodbyes to Suba and sat back in the helicopter.  We took off for another spectacular 20-minute flight back to the civilization.  We flew over the trail again.  We passed Machapuchare and Himchuli.  We could also see Annapurna 2 and Manaslu in the distance.  It was all very exciting.  The pilot offered us the flight to Kathmandu but we declined. 

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I was happy to skip the final two days of walking.  I did not want to retrace the same trail with its huge ups and downs and with hundreds of people.  The trial was rather unpleasant with all the stone staircases and crowds.  I was tired, I felt sick with the cold and frankly, I was done.  It was the best option and allowed us to relax lower down.  The entire Annapurna Sanctuary took me by surprise.  I was expecting a stroll in the park and it was a long slog with a lot of ups and downs.  This trek was the opposite of Dhaulagiri (except the Annapurna Sanctuary itself) but I have to admit that the Helicopter ride made it for me.  It was worth the effort to come here and have this experience.  I will remember it for a very long time.

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November 7, 2017

We landed in Pokhara.  It was relatively hot since we were dressed for the 4,000m altitude.  We made it to the hotel, took a long hot shower and cleaned up.  We walked on the main street, had good food and beer.  Pokhara is very nice compared to Kathmandu.  It is more relaxed and it is clean.   

The following day we took a 10 hour-long bus ride from Pokhara to Kathmandu.  Due to some road construction and traffic we got stuck for a few hours. 

We arrived in Kathmandu in the evening and took a car from the bus to Thamel.  We then transferred our luggage from the car to the rickshaw and ended up in the Nirvana Garden Hotel where it all started.  We had a nice supper at the Tibetan restaurant. 

I went to see Kumar’s sister and her kids: Ashok and Annupa.  I wanted to go and see them in their school.  The school was very nice and the kids have made an impressive progress.  They speak good English and we had a nice conversation.  I was very happy to see them again after 3 years. 

After the visit, we went to the Fire and Ice Restaurant.  Kumar invited me for a pizza and beer.  It was very nice of him to do so.   After lunch we went to the Pashupatinath Temple to take photos with the Sadhus.   I like this place.  It is a very old and large Hindu temple.  Apparently, it is very well known and revered in the world of Hinduism.  The temple is always full of people.  The funeral pyres are in constant use cremating bodies of the deceased.  The temple is also full of devotees. 

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Kumar and I had some time to talk and one of the topics was the Nepalese concern about financial planning for the future.  Kumar said that it is difficult if not impossible due to unpredictable work situation.  This forces him to live in the moment and leave the future to unfold as is does.  He believes in karma.  It is very different from the western way of thinking where the planning for the future overshadows living in the present.  In the West, we never have enough and the goal post just keeps moving further and further.  It makes us work longer and harder.  We are never satisfied and always afraid that we will not have enough.

November 9, 2017 Kathmandu – Doha

My last day in Kathmandu was very busy.  In the morning I took a taxi to the Tibetan quarter.  I wanted to see whether the Buddhist stupa has been rebuilt after the earthquake.  I had a lassie on the roof top patio and watched the pilgrims walk around the now rebuilt stupa.   I also visited one of the monasteries to listen to chanting monks.  It was very atmospheric. 

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Later, Kumar and I went to Patan looking for a knife.  There were no knives in Patan, only hundreds of very expensive statues.  I am not sure who can afford a statue for thousands of dollars when the locals make $30 per month.  Kumar said that it was the monasteries that were buying them with the money they get from the westerners.  It would be similar to the Catholic Church where the altars drip with gold and the devotees scramble for basic goods.   We saw this in India, in Ladakh when the Rinpoche showed up in a $100,000 Toyota Land cruiser and the poor Ladakhis lined up to see him.  The Rinpoche ignored the poor and zeroed in on the white tourists probably hoping for a generous donation to his cause.  

Kumar and I had a nice coffee to finish our stay in Patan.  The café was across the main square that was in bad shape after the earthquake but in the process of being rebuilt with Japanese donations. 

On the 10th of November, we said final goodbyes and I was off to the airport.  From the flight, the view of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri were spectacular.  I could see our Dhaulagiri route very clearly. 

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I always ask the same question: will I return to Nepal and the Himalaya?  Yes, of course.  The Himalaya are one of a kind.  Kathmandu is like an old shoe that fits perfectly and I love it.  I like it here. It suits me. I love the mountains. I love the people (despite how unbearable their daily grind is).  I always leave with humility and humbleness. I admire their resilience and toughness and I appreciate their openness.  I have been coming here for the past 10 years and Nepal became a part of my life in some strange way.  So until next time…

The following is the summary of the Dhaulagiri trek:

Start elevation 800m

Italian BC elevation 3,600m

Hike in Italian BC 4,300m

Basecamp 4,600

Hike in BC 5,500m

French Pass 5,300m

Hidden Valley 5,000m

Dhampus Pass 5,300m

Elevation gain 6,400m and the distance 90 km

The following is the summary of the ABC trek:

Day 1 8.6 km 354 meters elevation gain

Day 2 8.7 km 780 m

Day 3 8.9 km 400 m

Day 4 14.1 km 714 m

Day 5 11.7 km 858 m

Day 6 9.9 km 700m

Day 7 6.7 km 50m

Total distance 68.6 km and 3,537m

Total for the trip: 

Elevation climbed 9,937m climbed

Distance traveled:  158.6 km + 14km (Marfa Jomsom) =172.6km

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dhaulagiri BC Dhampus Pass - Trip Summary

Participants: David, Gilles for Dhaulagiri with Siam the guide and his brothers as crew. 

October 12, 2017

Sitting here at the airport in Calgary.  It is hard to depart as it always is.  The departure is definitely the least pleasant part of the trip.  It is not getting easier for anyone including me.  I was very busy at work right up to my departure.  

October 13, 14, 15 2017 Calgary – Kathmandu

The flight from London to Doha was very nice.  Only 6.5 hours.  I could not sleep.  We flew over the Zagros Mountains of Iran.  It is great to see the green waters of the Gulf again.  The Gulf always feels very exotic to me.   

The flight from London landed in the new airport in Doha.  The new airport is very impressive.  It is huge and very modern.  Since I had business class seats on the Qatar Airways flight to Kathmandu, I could use the business class facilities at the airport.  The experience starts with a separate check in; very posh.  The passport control is also separate for the business class passengers, no lineups, no hassle.  I spent my time in the business class lounge where I had a shower, a good lunch, and a snooze.  It was a great experience and very convenient after two intercontinental flights.  The upgrade was very much worth it for the access to the facilities alone.  After six hours at the airport I boarded the flight to Kathmandu.  The reclining seats, good food and excellent service made it a very nice experience.  Four hours later we landed in Kathmandu where Rajendra was waiting for me at 8 pm.  Since I was in the business class I was out of the plane right away, taken to the empty arrivals hall where I moved through the visa formalities in warp speed. 

So here I am again in Kathmandu after a three year break from my last trek.  A lot has happened during this time.  One year after my last trip, there was a huge earthquake that devastated Nepal and Kathmandu.  The remnants of the disaster were visible right away.  Cracked and destroyed buildings, piles of rubble on the streets, dust everywhere.  Kathmandu got hammered and did not yet recover.  We arrived at the Nirvana Garden Hotel after 9 pm.  The hotel did not change much.  The same guys were working there as three years ago.  Everything in Thamel, the tourist district, was closed.  I met with David and Gilles, we paid Rajendra for the trip, had a coke and called it the day.  I had to repack as we left a few things behind in the hotel.  We would leave first thing the next day for a two- day drive to the trailhead. 

October 15, 2017 

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I got up at 5 am and went for a walk to the Dubar Square.  I wanted to see the devastation from the earthquake.  The street leading from the Nirvana Garden Hotel was very dusty with piles of rubble allover as if the earthquake happened last month.  It looked like war-torn Aleppo.  The Dubar Square was devastated and I was shocked to see it.  The beautiful Newari temples are gone, all gone.  Only the brick platforms remain and piles of rubble exposed to the elements with beautiful old wooden carvings just rotting away.  The few buildings left standing were cracked, propped by wooded posts and in a bad shape.  The entire scene was very sad to see.  It all feels as if no effort was made to rebuild anything and the recovery is many decades away.  It was all very sad and heart breaking. The place was still full of the locals selling produce first thing in the morning.  Despite the devastation that took Kathmandu a few decades back, the spirit lives on.   

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I walked back to the hotel through dusty streets and had breakfast.  After a quick breakfast, we met with Siam, piled into a jeep and departed for Pokhara.  I did not have any time to do anything in Kathmandu.  We drove for five hours to Pokhara on a dusty and crowded “National Highway”.  From Pokhara we proceeded to Tatopani.  We wanted to reach the trailhead in one day but once it got dark, the 4x4 only road became too treacherous to negotiate for the driver.  We could not see the read very well as it was all up and down with numerous blind spots.  Once we reached Tatopani, we decided to spent the night in a small but nice Himalaya Guesthouse and resume our drive the following day.  We were all tired after 12 hours in the jeep.   

October 17, 2017 Darban 800m

We got up at 6 am and resumed our jeep ride.  The low hills of Nepal were green and vibrant.  The sun rose from behind the hills illuminating the rice fields and the banana trees in a brilliant light.  We had great views along the river in a deep gorge all the way to Darban. We got to our destination after one hour.  We met with the rest of the crew who arrived there the day before on a bus from Kathmandu with all the gear.  This is a camping trek and we need to bring everything with us.  Dhaulagiri is considered as one of the most difficult treks in Nepal as it ventures into a wild and remote area.  It also crosses some high passes with no easy escape route from them.  We had a good breakfast in a local soccer field while the crew sorted out the loads for the porters.  The weather was hot and sunny.  I am finally getting excited about being here and I am eager to start the walk.  The company is great, David of course and Gilles who is a very positive always smiling fellow from Montreal that we met on the K2 trip in 2016.  We could see some tall snow covered mountains behind the ridge.  The Himalayas were calling us again!

We started walking on a jeep road that was blocked by a big landslide.  It was a very short day – only 2.5 hours.  Before we really warmed up, we had to stop.  The campsite was beside a small wooden bridge spanning a small river.  As it was very hot and humid, we took a refreshing dip in that river as the locals were doing.  We hung out for the rest of the day.

In the evening, although tired from the jetlag, we committed to watching the local performance of song and dance.  The locals sang the same tune 50 times, shook their bodies (dancing?), and hit us up for a generous donation (for a school) at the end.  The whole thing was a well-honed shakedown for cash.  But since we agreed, we had to oblige.  David and Gilles danced with the locals and did a valiant job.  I just watched them dance, as the tunes were not grabbing me.  We went to bed quite tired.

October 18, 2017 Passed Muri 1,540m 18 km from the trailhead

The Dhaulagiri trail is not very touristy.  We have not seen any Westerners all day.  We got up before 6 am and started walking at 7:30 am.  It takes a little longer to get going, as we need to pack up the entire camp that includes the kitchen tent and the toilet tent! (I never had this luxury before).  We started with a lot of enthusiasm and got ahead of our guide and porters.  We took a wrong turn somewhere among the many variations of the main trail, asked the locals for directions (confirmed by the husband and negated by the wife), then made our own educated guess and went on.  The trail climbed up to a wonderful pass with fantastic panorama of the high mountains ahead including Dhaulagiri.  At the foot of the massive peaks were many villages and terraced rice fields in a kaleidoscopic mix of yellows and greens.   We sat and admired the panorama for a while, met some locals and took photos.  On the way down from the pass we stopped at a house of a local teacher (he told us that his school has 1,200 kids) and had a nice cold beer.  His family has two really beautiful sisters one of which wants to become a commercial pilot (although she has never been in an airplane). 

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We continued our descent from the pass through rice fields and by now were clearly lost.  We assumed that the main trail runs by the river so we proceeded going down.  It was quite hot at 30C.  From our analysis of the map we needed to get to a village located on the hill across from us.  We started walking in that direction, climbing steeply up the hill.  We climbed 250m before we realized that we were now hopelessly lost.  We stayed put, pulled out the map, the guidebook and looked for our porters in the valley below.  Finally, using my zoom lens, I spotted the orange pack cover used by one of our porters down in the valley below.  We quickly descended and regained the main trail. We arrived at the camp at 4.30 pm and our poor guide was away looking for us.  We apologized profusely and accepted our ignorant ineptitude.  We camped in the village of Naure in a deep canyon by a raging river.    

October 19 2017 Boghara 1,950m

Today was a spectacular day, sunny and hot.  We started at 7:30 am.  We traversed a steep, almost vertical, mountainside on a narrow trail.  From the trail we had a great view of Mt. Jirbang 6,062 m that towered in front of us in a shape of a perfect pyramid.  The mountainside dropped steeply to the river below us for a few hundred meters.  It was a very hot day.  The heat was relentless with no shade.  I had to pop up the rainbow coloured umbrella I bought on the way from Kathmandu.  We arrived at a campsite at 12:30 pm.  The walking was relatively easy and the views were spectacular with waterfalls along the way.  Some of the waterfalls were multi-layered a few hundred meters high.  We topped off the hot day of walking with a cold beer.  I am starting to get into the walking now.  I was reluctant to come here but now, approaching the high mountains, I feel at home. 

October 20, 2017 Boghara – Doban 2,550m

Last night, the villagers of Boghara were celebrating the end of Diwali Festival with a night of dancing and drinking.  They decorated their homes with candles and burned incense.  It was very atmospheric and beautiful.  We were tired though (still from the jetlag) and retired to the tent at 8 pm.  I am sharing the four persons tent with David; Gilles has his own smaller tent.  This arrangement works well as I like David’s company and we get along very well.  I was so tired that I fell asleep right away despite the noise from the festivities.  The loud music right outside the tent did not bother me.

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We got up at 5:45 am to another beautiful sunrise.  We had breakfast at 7 am outside.  It was my last day of being age 46.  We started walking at 7:45 am and the trail started climbing right out of the campsite.  It was another spectacular walk along steep cliffs and great vertical drops straight down to the river below.  Above the trail that was just hanging above the valley, we saw honeycomb discs hanging in the cliffs.  The same honey pods that the “Last Honey Hunters of Nepal” book by Eric Valli was about.  The trail climbed steeply, hugging a vertical cliff and it dropped all the way down to the river below with a shaky walkway built from bamboo rods and branches.  In the raging river, great large yellow boulders were shaped by the force of the runoff.  From the river, the trail climbed back up on a tenuous path that was challenging for the porters.  The trail continued rolling up and down through the shaded but boring forest that reminded me of the trail to South Kanchenjunga.  Finally we arrived at Doban at 12:45 pm at the elevation of 2,550m quite tired.  We had an excellent Tuborg beer in the shade and a good lunch.  The evening’s views of Dhaulagiri peaking from behind the ridge were wonderful and a harbinger of things to come. 

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October 21, 2017 Doban – Sallabhari 3,150m

Great day again, I got up at 5:45 am on a clear morning although it rained all night.  I opened a wonderful surprise from my wife - a small bottle of Kahlua for the morning coffee.  The walk today was short but quite dramatic.  There were many landslides along the way. 

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Right after we left the camp, we crossed a small hanging bridge and then traversed a dicey large landslide with massive boulders stuck in the mud above the path. We walked fast as the path was on a steep and very loose slope, which was a little scary.  I hate these landslides as the rocks can dislodge from above at any time.  I run up the hill to get out from this shaky path loosing my breath in the process.  The trail continued through a bamboo forest with massive ancient trees.  The forest was punctuated by massive landslides with large amount of debris of large tree trunks and boulders. The landscape was very dramatic and dynamic, making a great backdrop for the photos.  After climbing about 600 m on the long trail, we arrived at a lovely camp surrounded by huge trees.  Right around the corner from the camp's stone hut, Dhaulagiri 1 vertical west face rose dramatically from the green forest in the valley.  The face was huge, covered in snow and in sharp contrast to the green beneath it. 

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The cold, crystal clear stream cascaded down the valley directly from the face of Dhaulagiri.  Soon after I took a few photos, the clouds obscured the view and thicker clouds rolled up the valley.  It started to rain.  Gilles and I opted for a simple room in the stone shelter to avoid camping in the wet tent that did not have had a chance to dry off from the night before.   We paid $4 for the room and it was a nice break from camping. 

October 22 Sallabhari – Italian basecamp 3,650m

It was a short and cold walk to the Italian base camp.  The trail was in the shaded forest and a deep dark valley between Dhaulagiri on one side (8,000 m) and another 6,500 m peak.  Once we arrived at the Italian basecamp we walked above the tree line.  A beautiful panorama of high peaks was surrounding us with Dhaulagiri West Face dominating the skyline.  The West Face of Dhaulagiri was very steep and high; it was hard to believe that the point we could see was not the true summit that was another 1,500 m above it. 

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Since today's section of the trek was so short, Giles and I went for a reconaissance walk to an icefall descending from the col between Dhaulagiri and another mountain to the south of it.  The camp was very busy with Germans, Americans, and a large Canadian group from Vancouver.  All the foreigners went up the same trail before us.  In no time, we passed the fellow Canadians without much effort.  We also passed the Americans who were struggling with the altitude.  As we climbed higher, the clouds started to obscure the view to the point of total fog.  The wind also picked up and I was not prepared for it.  I was concerned about getting lost in the fog, that would not be a good thing without a jacket.  I turned around short of the icefall at 4,300m and descended. We returned to the camp for a great lunch. The clouds started to move with full force and it got foggy at the camp in the evening.  Hopefully, the weather will improve as we are heading into the snow zone higher up.  

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October 23, 2017 Italian basecamp 3,650

Today was a scheduled rest day to acclimatize to the altitude.  David and I went for a short walk up the hill towards the Dhaulagiri wall.  We spotted a few memorials to the fallen climbers (Chinese and Korean).  The day looked promising with the white glaciers glittering in the sun.  It was not to last though and as soon as we returned to the shelter, it started to rain.  It rained and snowed all day and into the night.  We vacated the cold and leaky damp tent and moved into a wooden windowless rat hole beside the kitchen.  It was primitive and cold but sure beats camping in the rain and snow.  One of the main reasons that we did that was the fact that our tents were taking on water and soon after it started to rain, I found myself in the puddle.  The kitchen soon filled up with smoke and at least we were dry.  It was a long day of doing nothing but reading and listening to music.  I downloaded the forecast on the Inreach that indicated a sunny day for tomorrow.  All the other groups left before us, in the rain and snow, so we were left in the basecamp by ourselves.  

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October 24, 2017 Italian basecamp Japanese basecamp 4,150m

We started early and immediately descended via a very steep and loose moraine to the glacier below.  The glacier was small but had steep drop offs to the river flowing under it.  The glacier was flowing from the West side of Dhaulagiri.  We crossed it quickly and ascended up a steep and very loose moraine on the other side to a narrow exposed trail that provided the entrance to the valley leading to the Dhaulagiri basecamp proper.  The views were phenomenal and the recent snow just made the entire scene so much more photogenic (instead of the normal brown grass that we saw two days before).  As we progressed further up the valley, the views and our surroundings got even better.  We were now in the realm of the High Himalaya.  Tall waterfalls were falling form icy seracs above us (although invisible, the amount of water falling from them made us believe that they were quite huge).  We finally reached the main glacier of Dhaulagiri and had to cross a river that originated from under the ice.  The snout of the glacier was covered in brown sand, rubble and fresh snow.  The river crossing was ice cold as expected and the snow did not provide any reprieve.  We needed to cross this river to gain the glacier in order to reach the Japanese base camp.  The Japanese base camp was on the glacier itself at an altitude of 4,150 m.  It was a desolate but very dramatic spot.  There were the other groups camped there as it is one of their scheduled acclimatization days.  As soon as we arrived, the clouds moved in from behind us and blocked the view.  We were now camped in a thick fog for the rest of the day.  The music on the phone came in handy, as it was a clod spot with nothing to do.  We had a cold lunch outside and quick dinner in the kitchen tent.  For the most part the rest of the time was spent inside the sleeping bag where it was warm and cozy.  I was not very hungry and I did not eat much for dinner.  The first night above 4,000 m was sleepless but without the headache or the annoying dry mouth. 

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It is a very unpleasant fact of the trek in the high mountains that it gets dark by 6 pm.  It forces us to bed by 7 pm and the wake up call is usually at 5 am.  This makes for way too many hours in the dark usually in the small tent.  This was a long, cold sleepless night.  The cold was especially acute as we were now camped on the glacier and the ice just permeates the air mat.  The glacier ice really chills the motionless body. 

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October 25 Japanese basecamp Dhaulagiri basecamp 4,600m

I am sitting outside in the sun right in front of the Dhaulagiri drinking tea with Gilles and David.  We just finished a good lunch.  We have an awesome campsite with absolutely fantastic views.  In front of us is the so-called Eiger Wall of Dhaulagiri - a 5,900 m vertical wall of granite that rises straight up from the glacier.  Above the wall, the main bulk of Dhaulagiri raises to the heaves above in a series of icefalls and ice fields.  To the left of the Eiger Wall, the main Dhaulagiri icefall makes its way in form of broken ice towers to the main glacier below.  The entire scene is very wild and photogenic.  We are camped on the glacier itself.  Since this is the proper main basecamp for all Dhaulagiri expeditions, there is a fair amount of garbage left behind by various climbing parties. 

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Our day started early in the shadow of Dhaulagiri ascending through the glacier.  The walk up was phenomenal again and it was very much like Pakistan's Karakoram Mountains. On the right hand side, the main peak of Dhaulagiri, that is just massive, dominated the entire way. The wall is full of icefalls and glaciers and is very stunning.  We ascended up the glacier to 4,600 m to the basecamp. 

From the basecamp, looking south, we can see Dhaulagiri II that is over 7,000 m high and a series of other peaks all connected to form a continuous wall of mountains.  Numerous glaciers descend from the ice fields above all around us. The landscape is very rugged and dramatic carved by years of glacial action.  This is by far one of the best treks in Nepal.  The variety of views and the technical challenge make it absolutely first class.

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October 26, 2017 Dhaulagiri basecamp 4,780 m

Today we decided to take a day off and enjoy the wonderful weather and the spectacular surroundings.  I asked Siam to go on a hike with me.  I wanted to climb a hill behind our camp as high as I could.  It all looks so doable from down below, the small summit within an easy reach.  Once I start climbing though, it becomes very tough.  Once above 5,500 m the going gets really hard and each step is an effort. 

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The hill that we wanted to ascend is a part of a higher mountain that is over 6,500 m high.  I would love to go to the top, but the altitude a makes it impossible in one day.  So we decided just to go as far as possible for me, for Siam it was not a problem.  The initial approach to the trail looked sketchy (up a rotten moraine) so David and Gilles pulled out before they even started.  I was more determined so I plowed up.  Once we passed the initial part, the walking up was very easy.  We made it to the first knob and the views were already impressive.  The massive bulk of Dhaulagiri towered above the glacier and the icefall below.  The weather was perfect, sunny and with no wind.  From the first knob at 5,000 m we decided to move up to the next visible knob and hopefully to the summit.  Initially, the going was easy up loose scree then the grade got steeper.  I could feel my pace and breathing getting slower.  The loose scree at 45 degrees became nasty with three steps forward and two back.  At the altitude, it tired me out pretty fast.  I got to 5,500 m and I by that time I was really tired.  The knob at 5,500 m was like a grand viewpoint perched above the valley.  Across, the face of Dhaulagiri was gargantuan; we were almost even with the top of the Eiger Wall now.  We could also see well above the icefall with the climber’s trail over the white ice field. 

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I was trying to pinpoint the spot where Polish climber Piotr Morawski fell into a crevasse at 5,800m.  There was no obvious easy way up Dhaulagiri.  Down below, the glacier snaked its way down the valley to the Japanese basecamp that was also visible in the distance.  The distances here are very deceiving as the scale of the peaks is so massive.  We could see all the way to the narrow gorge that we came from.  To the right of the main Dhaulagiri glacier, was the massive Dhaulagiri 2 that is almost 8,000 m.  The valley was now 1,000 m below us.  We sat down and soaked in the vista and watched the clouds roll up from the valley below.  We were above the cloud level so the peaks remained visible even after the fog moved in.  It was magical. 

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After a short rest, we continued across the scree slope to a promontory with views of a cascading icefall (one of many in the valley).  Another fantastic view.   On the way down, the going was much faster as the scree is your friend now.  We basically slid all the way in no time.  We had to do a small detour and further down we went.  I felt quite tired especially right before reaching the camp.  I was hoping very much not to hit the wall (like on the Amphu Labtsa) as we were planning to climb Dhampus Peak in a few days, a 6,000 m mountain by the Dhampus Pass. 

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Near our camp on the moraine, there is another spot considered a basecamp proper.  In 2014, in this spot an avalanche buried five people there after the earthquake.  In that spot, there is a cluster of memorials to the climbers that lost their lives on Dhaulagiri.  It is so sad to see that, as most of those people were healthy and young in the prime of their lives when they died.  One of the memorial plaques had a photo of an unborn child (ultrasound photo) attached to it.  Very sad.  It must be difficult to die in such a lonely and inhospitable place.  Faced with all these memorials, one has to wander what is the point of putting your life on the line for a hobby like mountain climbing?  It is a cold, remote, lonely and unforgiving place.  I could not find the memorial to the fellow Pole Piotr Morawski, his is also such a tragic story.  He fell in a crevasse on the way to camp 1 on Dhaulagiri not far from the base camp where we were.  Being here brings all these stories closer to heart and the ghosts of these people still live in the glaciers above.  You can feel their presence.  

Jerzy Kukuczka, another famous Polish climber, also walked across the French Pass into Jomsom when he climbed Dhaulagiri in winter.  We were to walk in his footsteps.  

In the evening we had a glorious light and cloud formations for photography.   It is such a majestic spot.  The night here at the basecamp is very cold.  I woke up and had to put on the down jacket.  The icy wind was flapping the tent all night long.  We could also hear rumblings of distant avalanches all around but we were safe perched on the top of the glacier far away from the seracs and icefalls.  The night was miserable, sleeping on ice and with the cold wind.  In the morning, the tent was in the shadow of Dhaulagiri and the Eiger Wall.  The temperature was -10C.  It was not a place to linger, as the sun would not come until 9-10 am from behind the bulk of Dhaulagiri. 

October 27, 2017 Dhaulagiri base camp – Hidden Valley camp at 5,050m via French Pass at 5,380m

We got up early anticipating a long day.  It was cold in the shadow of the mountains in the morning.  I started walking in my down jacket up a side glacier leading to the French Pass. The Pass was a very long way away although we could see it in the distance.  We walked up a giant moraine and continued on its crest to the slope leading to the French Pass.  The area was remote and desolate with great views all around.  It is a high altitude desert:  brown shale, very windy and barren.  I was ahead of David and Gilles by an hour.  I walked up to the Pass and as soon as I cleared the ridge, strong wind hit me with full force of a gale.  The prayer flags on the pass were arching and flapping violently in the air. 

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On the pass itself, there was the memorial to Piotr Morawski that I was looking for.  The memorial had an inscription from his wife and children:  “You died doing what you loved leaving behind those who loved you”.  A very sad story. I waited for 45 minutes for David and Gilles and took photos and video of them approaching the pass.  The view of Dhaulagiri from the distance was very impressive.  The entire mountain stood desolate towering above the valley.  The slopes of Dhaulagiri are littered with many dead bodies as indicated by the numerous memorials we passed along the way. 

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Looking the other way, the entire Hidden Valley spread before us.  It was barren and desolate.  There were no trees and it looked like Mars:  red and brown. The red valley floor was flanked by brown hills 6,000 m high with glaciers flowing gently from their round summits. 

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We walked down to the distant camp that was visible from the top of the pass.  The descent was quite fast in brilliant clear weather under a cobalt blue sky.  Once we got to the camp, relentless wind started to blow flapping the tents around.  The camp is located at 5,050 m and it was cold, desolate and very windy.  That night, the altitude made it impossible to sleep.  I went to bed at 7pm, tossing and turning until midnight, some light sleep until 4 am, then awake until getting up at 5:45 am. 

In the morning, the sky was clear, the wind was blowing hard and the place was cold!  It was minus 20C outside and not much warmer in the tent.  The wind was making the temperature feel even lower.  My hands were frozen in seconds when I took my gloves off; the tent was completely covered in frost inside.  We all had a shitty night with minimal sleep. The original plan was for Gilles, Siam, and I to climb the Dhampus Peak and to meet David and the porters at a high camp on the slope below on the other side of the pass.  Although the weather seemed perfect, we decided to skip the Dhampus Peak, which later turned out to be a very good decision. 

October 28, 2017 Hidden Valley camp 5,050m to Yak Kharka 3,820m via Dhampus Pass 5,380m

We got up early to the freezing temperature of minus 20C.  Although it was sunny, the clouds started rolling over the pass early, which was unusual, as they normally do not come up this high until mid afternoon.  We started walking to the Dhampus Pass in bright sunshine and it was a short way to the top.  Again, I was there first and waited for everyone.  The views of the Annapurna side were barely visible at this point as the thick clouds obstructed the panorama.  The Thukche Peak next to the pass was visible through rolling clouds.  As we descended to the other side, the clouds became thicker and blacker.  Great for photos but it soon became apparent that we were walking into a raging tempest at 5,000 m.  There was a clear demarcation line between the brown hill we were on and snow-covered slope ahead.  

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Once we crossed this snow line, the wind picked up, the blowing snow covered the track behind me in seconds.  Initially, I walked with Gilles and we soon caught up to David and Siam. The wind was raging; it was a full on blizzard with horizontal snow and cold temperature.  We could see nothing around us and the trail behind us got covered by snow very fast.  The terrain became steep and the narrow icy path we were on became treacherous.  At times, the blowing snow and ice (hail) would pelt my face like a sand blaster.  The storm went on for the rest of the day and we walked right through the thick of it.  Thank God for my down jacket and good gloves.  Otherwise, I would be a frozen popsicle.  We had no views except of this whiteout at 5,000 m. We did not want to linger as the snow accumulation would make avalanches possible later on making this route quite dangerous.  Had we climbed the Dhampus Peak and separated from the others, it would have been impossible to find them and it would make our descent even more dangerous.

It was a long, tiring and a dangerous day.  Gilles assisted some Americans with their descent, as they were completely unprepared, putting him two hours behind us. It turned out later, that it was their first time trekking in Nepal (and possibly the last).  Gilles was in his element as he was praying for snow all along.  He also found out how incompetent some of the Nepalese guides are since he basically had to guide the Americans down to the camp himself while the American guide ran off ahead of his group.  

We arrived in Yak Kharka at 3,850 m after a long and steep descent from the snowy and windy slopes above.  Soon after, the storm caught up to us in the camp and continued on with violent gusts of wind and horizontal snow.  It was comfortable in the tent and the sleep was much better at this lower altitude than the day before. 

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October 29, 2017 Yak Kharka – Marfa 2715m

In the early morning the storm subsided and the magnificent panorama revealed itself from behind the swirling clouds.  The fresh white snow blanketed the entire region.  The sun was coming up from behind the Mesocanto Pass across the Kali Gandaki Valley in front of us.  Across the valley, the wind was blowing plumes of fresh snow off the ridges of the magnificent Annapurna Group with the Nilgiri Peaks and the Annapurna itself right across from us.  It was special for me to see the Mesocanto Pass from this side and it marked a completion of another installment of the Great Himalayan Trail for me.  After a wonderful breakfast outside, we hiked up to a viewpoint at 4,000m for a great panorama extending from Tibet in the north to the Annapurna massif in the south.  We could see Mustang, Thorong La, Mesocanto La, Tilicho Peak, Jomsom, and the peaks of Annapurna.  We could also see down below, small planes coming to land in Jomsom air strip.  After an hour or so, we continued down to Marfa.  The descent from Yak Kharka to Marfa was a long 1,000 m of down, down, down.  As we were descending, black clouds on the horizon looked ominous and threatening again. 

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We made it to the hotel just before the downpour started. It rained for a couple of hours.  We ate, had a shower, dropped our bags and, after the rain, took a stroll to Marfa.  It is a lovely, atmospheric town that managed to maintain its character and charm.  It has a large well-maintained gompa (convent) in the middle with only 16 monks in residence.  The gompa and the town have a good vibe and a positive feel about them.  We came across a small bakery that makes a delicious apple crumble from the local apples.  We had two pieces each. 

In the evening, we had a party.  Gilles bought two bottles of local Marfa brandy (a potent and strong brew).  We had a dinner with formal tips ceremony, a make-feel-good speech by our resident good-will ambassador David, hand shaking, much drinking of apple brandy, and male- only dancing to Nepalese music played on a mobile phone. Stuff of my dreams. The Nepalese tunes were playing as loud as the phone would allow and the porters let loose by dancing together (this would never happen in the West where men must maintain their manly dignity in front of others). The leveled bed felt mighty good after many days of camping. It was a good rest and a mid point before I would continue on the Annapurna Sanctuary trek.

The following is the summary of the Dhaulagiri trek:

Start elevation 800m

Italian BC elevation 3600m

Hike in Italian BC 4300m

Basecamp 4600

Hike in BC 5500m

French Pass 5300m

Hidden Valley 5000m

Dhampus Pass 5300m

Elevation gain 6400m and the distance 90 km